The reaction to the Obama administration cutting aid to Egypt has been mixed. Israel has talked of its strategic necessity for peace and the Egyptian government has talked of how they regard it as the “wrong decision” and interference in domestic affairs, whilst Tamarod has welcomed the suspension of aid. Reading twitter as the news began to break showed a level of strategic confusion over why the administration had chosen to act now. Indeed, @slaugtherAM commented how odd it was given the current talks between the Israelis and Palestinians.
Nevertheless, the devil here is in the detail. The symbolic and temporary suspension of 12 F16 fighters, Apache Helicopters, 4 tanks, harpoon missiles, a $260 cash transfer and $300 loan guarantee is not a complete and permanent suspension of aid. The US is continuing to fund education health, counter-terror and military training programmes. In that sense the timing reflects what President Obama eluded to in his speech to the UN general assembly, and ideas about how to react to the coup since July (the current Presidential style is contemplative and slow to say the least – as we witnessed over the troop surge decision in Afghanistan). This is in effect a package that is symbolic and will make very little substantive difference to the US-Egyptian relationship. Yes, the Egyptian’s want the technology – they are good “toys” – but this is not a serious attempt to influence the future political path of Egypt and does not cut deep into the heart of the relationship. What is significant however, is that it reflects the first practical experiment of the Obama administration’s report on US-MENA relations issued just before the Arab Spring began that conclued that peace between Egypt and Israel was no longer premised on the 1978 Camp David agreement, but by the fact that war was not in Egypt’s interest (read more in my book). Is this a significant moment in US-Egypt’s relationship? Maybe – it could turn into an interesting episode but ultimately the stability agenda continues; but it could also be the start of the Obama administration starting to slowly enact some of the strategic thinking about how to develop a grand strategy for the MENA region that it developed at the end of 2010 and throughout the Arab revolutions. Yet, given the strategic importance of Egypt, the former is more likely.
(For an excellent commentary see @tcwittes here)
- US to cut military and economic aid to Egypt (theguardian.com)
- Mixed Messages: The Withholding of Military Aid From Egypt (globalsecurityandinternationalpolicy.wordpress.com)
- White House cuts Egypt aid (politico.com)
- Egypt condemns US aid suspension (bbc.co.uk)
- U.S. Will Cut Aid to Egypt (world.time.com)
- US withholds Egypt military aid (bbc.co.uk)
- State Department: US to suspend hundreds of millions in military and other aid to Egypt – @AP (bigstory.ap.org)
- Kerry: Cut in Egypt Aid Is Not US Withdrawal (abcnews.go.com)
- Israel Expresses Concern Over Significant US Suspension of Military Aid to Egypt (reason.com)